The fortress city stands on the right bank of the Aude River, to the southeast of the modern city. It dates back to Gallo-Roman times and was transformed into a stronghold during the Middle Ages. A large double wall surrounds the Cite de Carcassone. The wall is approximately three kilometers long and includes 52 towers. A castle (Château comtal) and a church are the principal structures inside the still inhabited Cité (Basilique Saint-Nazaire). The Festuing is by far the most impressive I’ve seen thus far. It’s also in excellent condition, as evidenced by the photos: The deteriorating Cité de Carcassonne was renovated in the nineteenth century. As a result, a well-preserved, extroverted
There was no water in the moat around the wall. Its primary purpose was to prevent the use of larger siege equipment. The city’s fortification with a double curtain wall conformed to a novel defense method at the time, which was designed in the area around 1200. Its guiding premise was that the defense must be aggressive and capable of inflicting significant losses on the aggressor. As a result, almost a thousand archers were stationed atop the battlements. Without leaving a blind spot, the towers bordered the whole wall. The wall and the fortress are both stunning because of the numerous towers.